is the oldest traditional classical dance in India.
” Bharatanatyam is a classical Indian dance form that has a rich and ancient history.
Bharatanatyam is a classical Indian dance form that has a rich and ancient history. It is one of the most widely practiced and well-known classical dance styles in India. The history of Bharatanatyam can be traced back to the ancient temples of southern India and has evolved over thousands of years. the form that originated in Tamilnadu. It is one of eight Indian classical dances. Origins: Bharatanatyam has its roots in the ancient temple traditions of Tamil Nadu, a state in the southern part of India. It was originally known as “Dasi Attam” or the dance of the temple servants. In the temples, dancers, known as Devadasis, performed this art form as a way of expressing devotion to the deities and telling religious stories through dance. Evolution: Over the centuries, Bharatanatyam evolved and incorporated various elements from other dance forms and cultural influences. It went through periods of flourishing and decline, influenced by changing social and political factors. Revival: In the early 20th century, the dance form faced a decline, and there were efforts to revive and reform it. Rukmini Devi Arundale, a prominent dancer and theosophist, played a significant role in the revival of Bharatanatyam. She worked to remove the associations with the Devadasi system and transformed the dance into a more publicly accepted and respected art form. Elements of Bharatanatyam: Bharatanatyam is characterized by its distinct elements, including: a. Nritta: Pure dance movements that involve intricate footwork, rhythmic patterns, and graceful postures. b. Nritya: Expressive dance that involves storytelling, emotions, and facial expressions. c. Natya: Dramatic and narrative elements, where dancers portray characters and convey stories from mythology or literature. Mudras and Abhinaya: Bharatanatyam uses a rich vocabulary of hand gestures known as “mudras” to convey various emotions, themes, and stories. The expressive aspect of the dance, called “Abhinaya,” involves using facial expressions, eye movements, and body language to communicate the narrative. Costumes and Jewelry: Dancers in Bharatanatyam wear traditional attire, which includes colorful costumes with intricate designs, jewelry, and bells tied around their ankles to emphasize the rhythm of their movements. Music: Bharatanatyam is accompanied by classical South Indian music, with traditional instruments like the mridangam, flute, veena, and violin providing the musical backdrop for the dance. Global Recognition: Today, Bharatanatyam is practiced and appreciated not only in India but also around the world. It has gained international recognition as a captivating and intricate dance form that represents India’s cultural heritage. Bharatanatyam continues to thrive as a dynamic and evolving art form, with both traditional and contemporary interpretations, making it a vital part of India’s cultural identity and a source of inspiration for dancers and artists worldwide.